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Definition of Terms

The following terms are defined as they apply to the crash data presented in this publication. These definitions may differ from legal or other uses of the same terms.

Alcohol-related traffic crashA crash involving a driver and/or pedestrian for whom alcohol use was reported (does not presume intoxication).
BicycleA vehicle propelled solely by human power or a motorized bicycle propelled by a combination of human power and an electric helper motor rated at 200 watts or less (this term does not include a vehicle with a seat height less than 26 inches from the ground when the seat is adjusted to its highest position, or a scooter or similar device).
BicyclistThe driver of a bicycle. A passenger on a bicycle is considered a vehicle passenger.
DriverUnless otherwise indicated, the operator of a motor vehicle or bicycle. Driver data typically exclude uninjured persons presumed to have been operating hit-and-run, phantom, or properly parked vehicles.
Drinking driverIndicates investigating officer's judgment on whether a driver was using alcohol. Codes include alcohol-under influence, alcohol and drugs-under influence, and had been drinking.
Fatal traffic crashA traffic crash that results in one or more fatalities within thirty days of occurrence.
Harmful eventsIdentifies the first and subsequent harmful events for each vehicle in a traffic crash.
InjuryHurt, damage, or loss sustained by a person as a result of a traffic crash.
Possible injuryNo visible signs of injury but complaint of pain or momentary unconsciousness.
Non-incapacitating injuryAny visible injuries such as bruises, abrasions, limping, etc.
Incapacitating injuryAny visible signs of injury from a crash or person(s) who had to be carried from the scene.
Total injuryThe sum of possible, non-incapacitating, and incapacitating injuries.
Injury crashA non-fatal traffic crash that results in one or more injuries.
MopedA motor-powered cycle with a pedal-activated motor and a maximum of two brake horsepower.
Motor vehicleAny motorized vehicle not operating on rails.
MotorcycleA motor vehicle, with a seat or saddle for the driver's use, traveling with no more than three wheels in contact with the ground, excluding a tractor or a moped.
MotorcyclistThe driver of a motorcycle. A passenger on a motorcycle is considered a vehicle passenger.
Vehicle and/or propertyLoss of all or part of an individual's vehicle and/or property damage only crash resulting from a traffic crash not involving injury to a person.
Traffic crashA crash involving at least one motor vehicle on a roadway that is open to the public.
Traffic fatalityThe death of a person as a direct result of a traffic crash within thirty days of the crash occurrence.
Vehicle occupantsDrivers and passengers of automobiles, vans, trucks, buses, and motor homes.
Long formRefers to a crash report prepared by a law enforcement officer where there has been a crash resulting in bodily injury, the death of a person or where a specified criminal offense has been committed.
Short formRefers to a crash report in which the threshold of the long form does not apply. Therefore, a long form report is not prepared. In crashes where apparent damage is less than $500, the law enforcement officer shall provide each party involved in the crash a short form prescribed by the state, to be completed by each party of the parties.

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